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The history of Valentine's Day 情人节是怎么来的?  

2013-02-14 08:50:25|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The history of Valentine's Day 情人节是怎么来的?

 

The history of Valentines Day 情人节是怎么来的? - carriezhouxp - 上班族个性化英语口语培训工作室

Valentine's Day started during the Roman Empire. Under the rule of Emperor Claudius II, Rome was involved in many bloody military campaigns. Claudius the Cruel, as he was known at the time, was having difficulty in getting soldiers to join his military leagues. He believed that the reason was that Roman men did not want to leave their lovers or families. As a result, Claudius cancelled all marriages and engagements in Rome.

A Christian priest named Valentine came to defend love in the empire. Valentine began to secretly marry couples despite the emperor's orders. When Emperor Claudius was informed of these ceremonies, Valentine was sent to prison where he remained until his death on February 14 in the year 270.

It wasn't until a few hundred years later when Valentine's Day began to develop as we know it. At that time Christianity was beginning to take control of Europe.

In honor of his sacrifice for love, Valentine was made a saint. And as part of the effort the Church was making to do away with pagan holidays, Valentine's Day came to replace a mid-February fertility festival called Lupercalia.

Today the tradition of honoring St. Valentine continues. The themes of love and fertility taken from the ancient meanings of the holiday have endured and evolved through time.

.................................................................................................

NOTES: (By Mike老迈)

Valentine's Day   Also Saint Valentine's Day     n.(名词)February 14, celebrated in various North American and European countries by the exchange of valentines or love tokens.Also called  Valentine's Day 情人节:每年2月14日,北美和欧洲许多国家中人民在这一天互赠爱的礼物也作  Saint Valentine's Day 圣瓦伦泰节,

Valentine   Val.en.tine  圣徒 (3世纪) 公元  NONE(无词性)Roman Christian who according to tradition was martyred during the persecution of Christians by Emperor Claudius II. Another martyr named Valentine, who was bishop of Terni, a region in present-day central Italy, has also been suggested as the inspiration for our modern feast of Saint Valentine's Day.圣瓦伦丁:罗马基督教徒,据说他在皇帝克劳迪二世对基督教徒的审判中遇难,另一个叫圣瓦伦丁的遇难者是今天意大利中部地区的特尔尼的主教,他也被认为是我们当代圣瓦伦丁节日宴会的启示者

valentine   val.en.tine   n.(名词) (1)A sentimental or humorous greeting card sent to a sweetheart, friend, or family member, for example, on Saint Valentine's Day. 卡片:一种寄给情人、朋友或家庭成员的一种充满感情的或幽默的问候卡片,如在圣瓦伦丁节日时所寄 (2)A gift sent as a token of love to one's sweetheart on Saint Valentine's Day.信物:在圣瓦伦丁节时作为一种爱的象征而寄给心爱之人的礼物 (3)A person singled out especially as one's sweetheart on Saint Valentine's Day.
情人:在圣瓦伦丁节时尤其是作为某人的情人而选出的人

be informed of  听说   接到...的通知

inform   vt. 告诉, 通知; 报告 /使充满; 使活跃; 鼓舞 / 【罕】教导 I beg to inform you that ...谨通知... be well informed about sth.精通某事; 对某事消息灵通 Breath informs the body.
呼吸给身体以活力。These poems are informed with sincerity.这些诗篇充满真挚的感情。

inform  vi.告发, 告密(against, on)

do away with  (1)To make an end of; eliminate.结束;减少 (2)To destroy; kill.毁坏;杀死

pagan   pa.gan  n.(名词) (1)One who is not a Christian, Moslem, or Jew; a heathen.
异教徒:基督教、犹太教或伊斯兰教徒以外的人;异教徒 (2)One who has no religion.不信教的人 (3)A non-Christian.非基督教徒者 (4)A hedonist.享乐主义者
adj.(形容词) (1)Not Christian, Moslem, or Jewish.异教徒的:不是基督教、伊斯兰教或犹太教教徒的 (2)Professing no religion; heathen.无宗教信仰的,异教的:公开声称无宗教的;异教徒的

fertility  fer.til.i.ty  n.(名词)(1)The condition, quality, or degree of being fertile.肥沃的条件、本质及程度 (2)The birthrate of a population.人口出生率

fertility  n.肥沃; 富饶 / 能育性, 繁殖力 / 丰产, 多产 / 人口出生率 / 生产力; 受精能力 / 富饶程度 / 可增殖性   the fertility of imagination想象力丰富fertility drug
(催女性排卵以医治不孕症的)受胎药

Lupercalia  Lu.per.ca.li.a n.(名词)A fertility festival in ancient Rome, celebrated on February 15 in honor of the pastoral god Lupercus.牧神节:古罗马每年2月15日祭祀畜牧神卢比克斯以求兴旺的节日

endure  en.dure  v.(动词)en.dured,en.dur.ing,en.dures
v.tr.(及物动词)(1)To carry on through, despite hardships; undergo:度过,忍受:不顾艰难险阻而忍耐下去;容忍:endure an Arctic winter.忍受北极的冬天 (2)To bear with tolerance:容忍:“We seek the truth, and will endure the consequences”(Charles Seymour)See Synonyms at bear 1“我们寻找真理,并将忍受一切后果”(查尔斯·西摩)参见 bear1
v.intr.(不及物动词) (1)To continue in existence; last:持续;持久:buildings that have endured for centuries.经受数世纪风雨的建筑 (2)To suffer patiently without yielding.耐心地承受而不屈服

evolve  e.volve  v.(动词)e.volved,e.volv.ing,e.volves
v.tr.(及物动词)(1)To develop or achieve gradually:使发展:逐渐发展或完成:evolve a style of one's own.逐渐形成了自己的风格 (2)To work (something) out; devise:设计:制订出(某事);设计:
“the schemes he evolved to line his purse”(S.J. Perelman)“他制订出的非法捞钱的方案”(S.J.佩雷尔曼) (3)Biology To develop (a characteristic) by evolutionary processes.【生物学】 使演化:通过进化过程发展(一种特征) (4)To give off; emit.发出;散发
v.intr.(不及物动词)(1)To undergo gradual change; develop:发展:经历逐渐的变化过程;发展:
an amateur acting group that evolved into a theatrical company.一个发展成为戏剧公司的业余演出团体
(2)Biology To develop or arise through evolutionary processes.【生物学】 通过进化进程发展或发生



 

 


 

 

 

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